The Return of the Blacklist: What's next -- Book Burning?
According to the dictionary that I hold in my hand, "blacklist" is a noun referring to "a list of persons under suspicion, disfavor, censure, etc." or to lists of names forbidden to work in an industry "for holding opinions considered undesirable." The most notorious instance of blacklisting in the United States, of course, was the entertainment industry blacklist or the so-called "Hollywood blacklist." This lasted several decades (more or less) which peaked in the 40s & '50s and was meant to silence or ruin the careers of countless writers, artists, journalists, activists, & musicians who were members of the communist party, socialists, or merely accused of having communist, socialist, or Marxist sympathies. During the Red Scare, right-wing publications & even congressional committees created formal blacklists accusing newspapers, TV programs, radio broadcasts, & individuals of disseminating pro-Russian propaganda. At the same time, the bosses of large media companies & public officials held informal lists by private agreements about who held the wrong opinions...
Red Channels & Counterattack
An important blacklist, called the Red Channels, was published in 1950 by the conservative newsletter Counterattack. The initial list of 151 entertainers, writers, & artists were claimed to be knowingly or unknowingly part of a communist effort to disseminate pro-Russian propaganda in the US through the media & entertainment industry. The authors of the blacklist also claimed the Russian propaganda used issues like "academic freedom, civil rights, [and] peace" (Red Channels, pg. 2-3) to convey its message -- and, according to professor of history & McCarthy-era expert Ellen Schrecker:
"By 1951, the television networks and their sponsors no longer hired anyone whose name was in [Red Channel]" -- from Schrecker's Blacklists & Economic Sanctions
Blacklist v2.0 -- Coming Soon!All in all, it is acknowledged that at least 10,000 entertainers, activists, & journalists lost the ability to work in their professions during the Hollywood blacklist, though Schrecker believes the real number is probably much higher. In light of these historical facts, you might think that our society would be eager to leave the repression of blacklisting behind -- but, if you thought that, it is now my depressing duty to tell you that you're wrong...
"Your Friendly Neighborhood Propaganda Identification Service"
I'd love to tell you that "Your Friendly Neighborhood Propaganda Identification Service" is a satirical tagline that I made up to add a dash of charm & a sprig of humor to this article. Unfortunately for both of us, I can't. This is because it's the actual tagline of a new website called "PropOrNot," which enjoyed a huge boost of publicity the other day when the dingbats at the Washington Post recklessly published a glowing review -- (*ahem!*) eh, I meant "article" -- about the fledgling thought-police organization. PropOrNot, of course, is merely another in a recent plague of online blacklists, which I've written about in the article, "Real or Fake News -- Who Gets to Decide?" And now the mainstream media is giving them free publicity -- here's how the Washington Post introduces them:
"PropOrNot, a nonpartisan collection of researchers with foreign policy, military and technology backgrounds, planned to release its own findings Friday showing the startling reach and effectiveness of Russian propaganda...."
"Russian propaganda effort helped spread 'fake news' during election, experts say"
A "nonpartisan collection of researchers with foreign policy, military, and technology backgrounds" -- sounds nice, doesn't it? Ah! But I forgot to mention the fact that -- as the real journalists, Ben Norton & Glen Greenwald, noted -- PropOrNot keeps themselves anonymous. I even ran a 'Whois' search on InterNIC & found that their DNS registration info is hidden by a company called 'Domains by Proxy LLC' -- which means they could literally be any person or group of people. Why, then, does the Post call them "experts?" In other words, the Washington Post has just elevated irony to a whole new level of "are-you-listening-to-yourself-right-now?" by publishing an article alleging Russians are spreading harmful & unverifiable information by citing information that is itself harmful & unverifiable. To compound the irony, the article also serves as an impressive example of why the public has a hard time distinguishing between satire & reality.
"The List"Here's where things get concerning -- the Jr. Witch-Hunting Scouts over at PropOrNot have put together a section that they're calling "The List." Now -- instead of making fun of that hillariously ominous title -- I am compelled, as both an independent journalist & socialist, to tell you that seeing this list disgusted me (as in I literally lost my appetite) and I hope that conveys the gravity with which I now write. I've reproduced their list in the box below and I've highlighted a handful of the websites that I was shocked to see blacklisted, though none of them should be on there, of course...
Why are these sites listed as Russian propaganda?
The beginning of PropOrNot's criteria to make it onto the list of their Book-Burning Club, from The Black Friday Report =[/caption] On November 26th, the guardians of truth & ideological purity at PropOrNot released what they called "The Black Friday Report," which claims to explain their methods for determining which sites are insidious Russian propaganda sites, including "echo" sites who amplify their evil messages. They wrote that they created the blacklist as:
"an effort to prevent propaganda from distorting U.S. political and policy discussions. We hope to strengthen our cultural immune systems against hostile influence and improve public discourse generally." (emphasis mine, -JL) -- p4-5 of The Black Friday Report
PropOrNot's Propaganda Detection Methods Is Merely Bullying Pretending to be ScienceOur "cultural immune system?" What, are Russians some kind of virus? I've examined their methods and found them to be deceptive but this topic deserves an article of it's own. That's why I've decided to publish a thorough follow-up by midnight on Friday which will devastatingly & incontrovertibly expose the dishonest, bigoted, & logically incoherent nonsense behind PropOrNot.com's deceptive but scientific-sounding witch-hunting manual.
Expect it.For now, I'll briefly point out that one of the common ways that PropOrNot selectively labels indie-media they don't like as Russian propaganda (or echo-sites) is by using their links to media associated with Russia to build a pseudoscientific "case" against them. This includes popular online news-sites like RT, which was the most popular source for news videos from 2011-12. Presumably, this is because they recieve funding from the Russian government. I guess this means that our friend Lee Camp was a no-good, communist conspirator the whole time! (don't worry, we still love ya, Lee).
Independent Media Must Stand Up to Ideological BulliesIn closing, I'd like to exhort all of my brothers, sisters, & others in the independent media not to remain silent in the face of this ideological control -- whether you're a podcast host or a photographer, a commentator or a citizen-journalist or a reader or a watcher, this affects all of us. If we stand together & work together -- if we continue to call upon our allies reason, curiosity, & critical thinking, we will prevail over all thought police, all ideological bullies, & all who are short-sighted enough to side against the collective human struggle for the liberty to express our thoughts, our ideas, & the treasuries of information. And to you -- you anonymous creatures who love the dark because you'd be ashamed for the world to see what you do -- to you, PropOrNot, I have but one request. I'd like to be on your list of propaganda, if you're willing to place me there. I meet most of your criteria and I'd be happy to furnish you with the evidence which incriminates me -- just ask for it & I'll save you the trouble. You see -- To me -- this seems like a good list -- a list of people like Amy Goodman, like Julian Assange, like my friends in the activist forums you've denounced as mindless repeaters of falsehoods -- people who dare to speak truth to power. There is nothing I can think of that I want more than to stand with my friends & with fearless journalists & truth-sayers, whoever & wherever they may be.
In solidarity, John Laurits
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